Principle: Emphasize student reasoning, sensemaking, and developing a deep understanding as the goal of activities, rather than producing the right answer or complying with instructions
Use evaluation and feedback practices that focus on deeper content understanding/reasoning and students' effort and strategy use over normative comparisons and ability/intelligence
De-emphasize social comparison and competition
Model the commitment to learning and growth that you want your students to exhibit
- "...that’s what happens when you try something new/difficult."
- "...it gave me the chance to learn [X]."